Anatomy

Primary FRCA Anatomy syllabus

  • Mouth, nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, main bronchi, segmental bronchi, structure of the bronchial tree; age-related changes from the neonate to the adult
  • Airway / respiratory tract blood supply and innervation
  • Pleura [including surface anatomy], mediastinum and its contents
  • Lungs; lobes and microstructure of lungs
  • Diaphragm, other muscles of respiration including innervation
  • The thoracic inlet and 1st rib
  • Interpretation of the normal adult chest x-ray
  • Heart – chambers, valves, conducting system and pericardium; blood supply and innervation
  • Great vessels, main peripheral arteries and veins
  • Brain and its subdivisions; blood supply
  • Spinal cord, structure of spinal cord, major ascending and descending pathways; blood supply
  • Anatomical organisation of pain and sensory pathways from the periphery to the central nervous system
  • Pain pathways relevant to the stages of obstetric labour and delivery
  • Spinal meninges, subarachnoid and extradural space; contents of extradural space
  • Anatomy of CSF system
  • Spinal nerves; dermatomes; applied knowledge of dermatomes in regional anaesthesia
  • Brachial plexus; nerves of the upper limb
  • Intercostal nerves
  • Nerves of the abdominal wall including innervation of the inguinal region
  • Lumbar and sacral plexuses; nerves of the lower limb
  • Anatomical organisation of the autonomic nervous system
  • Sympathetic innervation, sympathetic chain, ganglia and plexuses
  • Parasympathetic innervation; cranial and sacral outflow
  • Stellate ganglion
  • Cranial nerves
  • Innervation of the pharynx and larynx
  • Eye and orbit
  • Functional anatomy of the hypothalamic/pituitary system
  • Functional anatomy of the adrenal gland
  • Functional anatomy of the thyroid and parathyroid glands
  • Anatomical organisation of the endocrine pancreas
  • Cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
  • Sacrum, sacral hiatus
  • Ligaments of vertebral column
  • Surface anatomy of vertebral spaces; length of spinal cord and subarachnoid space; age-related differences from the neonate to the adult
  • Structures in the antecubital fossa
  • Structures in the axilla: landmarks for identifying the brachial plexus in the neck and axilla
  • Large veins of the neck and the anterior triangle of the neck; surface anatomy and ultrasound demonstrated anatomy relevant to insertion of central venous cannulae
  • Large veins of the leg and femoral triangle
  • Arteries of the upper and lower limbs
  • Landmarks for performance of cricoid pressure and surgical airway procedures
  • Landmarks for insertion of intercostal drainage catheters